Posted October 5, 2012
|Akin, Gene Coleman||Warren Commission|
|Altgens, James W.||Warren Commission|
|Baker, Marrion L.||Warren Commission|
|Baxter, Charles Rufus||Warren Commission|
|Bennett, Glen A.||Warren Commission|
|Betzner, Hugh William Jr.||Warren Commission|
|Boswell, J. Thornton||HSCA||ARRB|
|Boswell & Humes||HSCA|
|Bowron, Diana Hamilton||Warren Commission|
|Boyajian, R. E.||ARRB|
|Boyers, Charles H.||HSCA|
|Brehm, Charles F.||Warren Commission|
|Carrico, Charles James||Warren Commission||HSCA|
|Clark, William Kemp||Warren Commission|
|Connally, John Bowden, Jr.||Warren Commission||HSCA|
|Connally, John Bowden, Jr., Mrs.||Warren Commission||HSCA|
|Curry, Jesse Edward||Warren Commission|
|Custer, Jerrol Francis||ARRB|
|Ebersole, John Henry||HSCA|
|Finck, Pierre Antoine||Warren Commission||HSCA|
|Franzen, Jack||Warren Commission|
|Franzen, Mrs. Jack||Warren Commission|
|Frazier, Robert A.||Warren Commission|
|Giesecke, Adolph Hartung, Jr.||Warren Commission|
|Greer, William Robert||Warren Commission|
|Gregory, Charles Francis||Warren Commission|
|Hargis, Bobby W.||Warren Commission|
|Haygood, Clyde A.||Warren Commission|
|Henderson, Mrs. Toney Ruby||Warren Commission|
|Hickey, George W.||Warren Commission|
|Hill, Clinton J.||Warren Commission|
|Hill, Mrs. Jean||Warren Commission|
|Holmes, Harry D.||Warren Commission|
|Hudson, Emmett J.||Warren Commission|
|Humes, James J.||Warren Commission||HSCA||ARRB|
|Humes & Boswell||HSCA|
|Hutton, Patricia B.||Warren Commission|
|Jenkins, Marion Thomas||Warren Commission||HSCA|
|Jones, Ronald Coy||Warren Commission||ARRB|
|Kelley, Thomas J.||Warren Commission|
|Kellerman, Roy H.||Warren Commission|
|Kinney, Samuel A.||Warren Commission|
|Knudsen, Robert L.||HSCA|
|Landis, Paul E. Jr.||Warren Commission|
|Lawson, Winston George||Warren Commission|
|Lipsey, Richard A.||HSCA|
|Martin, B. J.||Warren Commission|
|McClelland, Robert Nelson||Warren Commission||ARRB|
|McIntyre, William T.||Warren Commission|
|Moorman, Mary Ann||Warren Commission|
|Newman, Gayle||Warren Commission|
|Newman, Jean||Warren Commission|
|Newman, William Eugene Jr.||Warren Commission|
|O'Connor, Paul K.||HSCA|
|Perry, Malcolm Oliver||Warren Commission||HSCA|
|Peters, Paul Conrad||Warren Commission||ARRB|
|Potter, Nolan H.||Warren Commission|
|Powers, David F.||Warren Commission|
|Reed, Edward Francis, Jr.||HSCA||ARRB|
|Riebe, Floyd Albert||HSCA||ARRB|
|Roberts, Emory P.||Warren Commission|
|Robinson, Thomas Evan||HSCA|
|Salyer, Kenneth Everett||Warren Commission|
|Shaneyfelt, Lyndal L.||Warren Commission|
|Shaw, Robert Roeder||Warren Commission|
|Shires, George T.||Warren Commission||HSCA|
|Sorrels, Forrest V.||Warren Commission|
|Spencer, Saundra Kay||ARRB|
|Stringer, John Thomas||ARRB|
|Walker, Edwin A.||Warren Commission|
|Willis, Linda Kay||Warren Commission|
|Woodward, Mary Elizabeth||Warren Commission|
|Youngblood, Rufus Wayne||Warren Commission|
|Zapruder, Abraham||Warren Commission|
|Panels||Review of January 1967||Clark||FPP|
Return to New Leads in JFK Assassination Research
I heard at least two shots fired and I saw what looked like a firecracker going off in the president’s car. My assumption for this was because I saw fragments going up in the air. I also saw a man in either the President’s car or the car behind his and someone down in one of those cars pull out what looked like a rifle. I also remember seeing what looked like a nickel revolver in someone’s hand in the President’s car or somewhere immediately around his car. Then the President’s car sped on under the underpass. Police and a lot of spectators started running up the hill on the opposite side of the street from me to a fence of wood. I assumed that was where the shot was fired from at that time. I kept watching the crowd. Then I came around the monument over to Main Street. I walked down toward where the President’s car had stopped. I saw a Police Officer and some men in plain clothes. I don’t know who they were. These Police Officers and the men in plain clothes were digging around in the dirt as if they were looking for a bullet. I walked back around the monument over to Elm Street where they were digging in the dirt. I went on across the street and up the embankment to where the fence is located. By this time almost all of the people had left.
There were quite a few people down on the street and crowded around a motorcycle. I was looking around the fence as the rumor had spread that that was where the shot had come from. I started figuring where I was when I had taken the third picture and it seemed to me that the fence row would have been in the picture. I saw a group of men who looked like they might be officers and one of them turned out to be Deputy Sheriff Boone. I told him about the picture I had taken. Deputy Sheriff Boone contacted superiors and was told to bring me over to the Sheriff’s Office. Deputy Sheriff Boone took my camera and asked me to wait. I waited in the Sheriff’s Office and some time later, an hour or two, he brought my camera back and told me that as soon as they got through with the film and they were dry that they would give me the film. A little later he came in and gave me the negatives and told me that they were interested in a couple of pictures and implied that the negatives was all I was going to get back. To the best of my knowledge, this is all I know about this incident.
He and his five-year-old son went to downtown Dallas to view the President’s motorcade, and the parked their car in the Main-Houston Street area about 15 minutes before the motorcade was due to come down Main Street. He took a vantage point on the northwest corner of the intersection of Main and Houston Streets and from that point, he was able to watch the car in which the President and MRS. KENNEDY rode, making a right turn from Main Street into Houston Street.
After the President’s automobile had rounded the corner into Houston Street, he picked up his five-year-old son and ran across the grass from Main Street over to the downhill curved portion of Elm Street which leads from Houston Street to the Stemmons Expressway. He and his son stood right at the curb on the grass and saw the President’s car take a wide swing as it turned left from Houston Street into Elm Street.
When the President’s automobile was very close to him and he could see the President’s face very well, the President was seated, but was leaning forward when he stiffened perceptibly at the same instant what appeared to be a rifle shot sounded. According to BREHM, the President seemed to stiffen and come to a pause when another shot sounded and the President appeared to be badly hit in the head. BREHM said when the President was hit by the second shot, he could notice the President’s hair fly up, and then roll over to his side, as Mrs. KENNEDY was apparently pulling him in that direction.
BREHM said that a third shot followed and that all three shots were relatively close together. BREHM stated that he was in military service and he has had experience with bolt-action rifles, and he expressed the opinion that the three shots were fired just about as quickly as an individual can maneuver a bolt-action rifle, take aim, and fire three shots.
BREHM stated he definitely knew the President had been shot and he recalled having seen blood on the President’s face. He also stated that it seemed quite apparent to him that the shots came from one of two buildings back at the corner of Elm and Houston Streets.
Immediately after the third shot rang out, BREHM pushed his son down on the grass and for the moment was more concerned with the safety of his son who might be hit accidentally by any wild gunfire which might follow.
BREHM expressed his opinion that between the first and third shots, the President’s car only seemed to move 10 or 12 feet. It seemed to him that the automobile almost came to a halt after the first shot, but of this he is not certain. After the third shot, the car in which the President was riding increased its speed and went under the freeway overpass and out of his sight.
As soon as the President’s car went on its way out of sight, numerous reporters and police officers came running down the hill to the general area where he was standing and many of them gathered around him and began asking him questions. He answered questions of reporters and police officers to the best of his knowledge and recollection, after which he was escorted up to the Dallas police station where he was interviewed some more. He estimated that he was detained at the Police Department for a period of two hours before he was finally permitted to leave.
Because of this activity he presumed the shots which were fired came from the shrubbery or bushes toward which these officers appeared to be running.
He looked over the crowd which had assembled along both sides of Elm Street in this block but noticed nothing which appeared unusual among these spectators.
Mr. FRANZEN advised he is aware that the information which he has furnished may not be of any particular significance but advised in view of his close proximity to the President’s vehicle at the time of these shots, felt that he possibly should furnish whatever information he could.
She advised she heard two other sounds which sounded like shots from a firearm and noticed blood appearing on the side of President KENNEDY’s head.
She does not remember looking at the building housing the Texas School Book Depository (TSBD); however, she stated this building was across Elm Street from the position where she was standing, and she may have looked toward the building. She advised the President’s automobile continued on down Elm Street at a higher rate of speed, and she observed police officers and plain-clothes men, whom she assumed were Secret Service Agents, searching an area adjacent to the TSBD building, from which area she assumed the shots which she heard had come.
She advised her small son called her attention to the fact that some of the men in the automobile behind the President’s car were holding guns in their hands shortly after the shots which apparently struck President KENNEDY and stated she assumed these men were Secret Service Agents.
She advised she has no additional information which she feels might be helpful to this investigation.
Mr. Eisenberg. Mr. Frazier, turning back to the scope, if the elevation crosshair was defective at the time of the assassination, in the same manner it is now, and no compensation was made for this defect, how would this have interacted with the amount of lead which needed to be given to the target?
On November 22, 1963 at approximately 12:15 PM she was standing on the east side of Elm Street just north of Houston Street awaiting the passing of the Presidential Motorcade at that site. She said shortly after she arrived at this location, and just prior to the arrival of the motorcade, she recalls an ambulance arriving and departing the area to pick up an individual whom she understood had an epileptic fit. Mrs. HENDERSON said after the ambulance departed the area, she heard a woman in the record building [sic] located on the southwest [sic] corner of Elm and Houston, yell "Yeah, Woodman." which is a Dallas High School [sic], and she looked in the direction from which the yell emanated. She said she thereafter swung around and looked in the building in which she works, the building located on the southeast corner of Elm and Houston and thence around to the Texas School Book Depository Building [sic].
She said she observed numerous people on various floors looking out of the windows of the Texas School Book Depository Building, and recalls that she saw two men on one of the upper floors of the building. She said she recalls one of the men had on a white shirt and one had on a dark shirt. She said she only observed these men from the waist up and she does not know what their other attire consisted of. She said these men were standing back from the window and she got the impression they were working and yet looking out the window in anticipation of the motorcade passing that building. She said she saw these men before the motorcade reached Houston and Elm, but doesn’t have any idea how long it was prior to the motorcade arriving at that location. She says she believes the person in the white shirt had dark hair and was possibly a Mexican, but could have been a Negro as he appeared to be dark-complexioned. She said she couldn’t describe the other person other than the fact he was taller than the aforementioned individual. Mrs. HENDERSON said at the time the motorcade passed where she was standing, she heard what she initially thought was a firecracker and saw what she thought was paper fly out of the Presidential car. She said she now realized it was a shot she heard and what she thought was paper was probably flesh. She said after the first shot, she believes she heard two more in rapid succession, and then a fourth shot.
Mrs. HENDERSON said after the shooting she stood transfixed for some time before returning to work. She said she returned to her place of employment at approximately 12:43 PM.
Mrs. HENDERSON said she became extremely upset and nervous after the President’s assassination and it was necessary for her to take the following Monday off her job. She said she hesitated to mention anything about her observations but felt she should relate same as they might possibly be of some benefit.
Mrs. HENDERSON reiterated she could not definitely state one of the men she saw in the window of the Texas School Book Depository was not a Negro. She said she does not know what floor of the building the men were on, but doesn’t recall seeing anyone on a floor higher up than the one they were on.
The scalp wound shown in the photographs appears to be a laceration and tunnel with the actual penetration of the skin obscured by the top of the tunnel. In the photographs this is not recognizable as a penetrating wound because of the slanting direction of entry. However, as we pointed out in the autopsy report, there was in the underlying bone a corresponding wound through the skull which exhibited beveling of the margins of the bone when viewed from the inner aspect of the skull. This is characteristic of a wound of entry in the skull.
A well defined zone of discoloration of the edge of the back wound, most pronounced on its upper and outer margins, identifies it as having the characteristics of the entrance wound of a bullet. The wound with its marginal abrasion measures approximately 7 mm. in width by 10 mm. in length. The dimensions of this cutaneous wound are consistent with those of a wound produced by a bullet similar to that which constitutes exhibit CE 399.
(246) There is a sharply outlined area of red-brown to black around the wound in which there is dried, superficial denudation of the skin, representing a typical abrasion collar resulting from the bullet’s scraping the margins of the skin at the moment of penetration. This is characteristic of gunshot wounds of entrance and not typical of exit wounds. This abrasion extends around the entire circumference, but is most prominent between 1 o'clock and 7 o'clock about the defect (with the head at 12 o'clock). In addition, there are several small linear, superficial lacerations or tears of the skin extending radically from the margins of the wound at 10 o'clock, 12 o'clock and 1 o'clock. These measure 0.1, 0.2 and 0.1 centimeter respectively. Photographically enhanced prints of photographs Nos. 38 and 39 reveal much more sharply contrasted color determination and, to some degree, more sharply outlined detail of the abrasion collar described above.
(247) Several members of the panel believe, based on an examination of these enhancements, that when the body is repositioned in the anatomic position (not the position at the moment of shooting) the direction of the missile in the body on initial penetration was slightly upward, inasmuch as the lower margin of the skin is abraded in an upward direction. Furthermore, the wound beneath the skin appears to be tunneled from below upward.
(296) Accurate reconstruction of the exact dimensions of the wound is difficult because the ruler and wound are in different planes of focus. The long axis of the wound more closely approximates a vertical angle than that depicted within the "Autopsy Descriptive Sheet." (See fig. 6.) The inferior margin of this wound, from 3 to 10 o'clock, is surrounded by a crescent-shaped reddish-black area of denudation, again presenting the appearance of an abrasion collar, resulting from the rubbing of the skin by the bullet at the time of penetration. From 12 to 3 o'clock, there is a suggestion of undermining, that is, tunneling of the tissue between the skin surface and the skull. Three small linear lacerations or tears of the skin, measuring less than 0.2 centimeter, in length, extend radially from the margins of the defect at 11 o'clock, 12 o'clock, and 3 o'clock. (See fig. 14, a close-up photograph of this wound.)
(425) If a missile strikes an intervening target, its normal yaw may be exaggerated, or it may begin to tumble. The entry wound in subsequent target might reflect this distortion in trajectory by anything from a very slight asymmetry to an ovoid or virtually rectangular entry wound. The latter would be the case if the missile were to strike sideways and is somewhat similar to what was described in some of the initial medical reports on the wound in the posterior thorax of Governor Connally. (See fig. 47, a drawing showing yawing or tumbling.) Such a subsequent entry wound might show no wipe residue in the skin because of the missile's prior passage through skin and tissue. Some small fragments of the metal from the missile's surface might break off as the missile strikes, however, and adhere to the margins of the defects in either the clothing or skin.
By the same token, the object in the lower portion, which I apparently and I believe now erroneously previously identified before the most recent panel, is far below the external occipital protuberance and would not fit with the original autopsy findings.