New topics of the esoteric kind
Traditional topics examined from a technical viewpoint
Tools for searching online resources
- Warren Commission
Resources and tools for studying the acoustic records
A detailed examination of anomalies in an article on Lee Harvey Oswald and an adjacent advertisement show
Nat Sherman intentionally included the irregularities in his ad.
When President Kennedy's head snaps forward, Toni Foster takes one step backward.
Rigorous analysis by a few members of the Photographic Panel has elevated the debate surrounding the backyard photos from politics to science.
During the Second World War, some spooks stole ill-gotten intelligence files and setup their own dirty little company.
The loud brieftone that accompanied the Channel-II broadcast by Sergeant Bellah and its crosstalk onto Channel-I provides an unique opportunity to test the hypothesis of frequency compression that underlies the crosstalk analysis.
Many frames of the Zapruder film show an irregularly shaped blemish beneath a small clump attached to a hairlike filament. The
blemishes appear at practically the same position beneath the upper sprocket holes and fall within the contingent ghosts. These
characteristics invite further investigation.
The building boom of the early fifties attracted newcomers to Queens County. In 1953, the military-industrial complex
moved to Jackson Heights.
Analysis of signals from the Dictabelt resolves a puzzling history of the acoustic evidence.
Historians acknowledge that Victor Clemente was the principal defendant in the longest criminal trial. A closer
examination of the records show Vincent Clemente was the subject of a reluctant and ineffective prosecution.
During the autopsy, the prosectors recognized two bullet wounds on the back of President Kennedy. They attributed the transverse
wound of the low neck to an entering bullet and associated the longitudinal wound of the upper back with an exiting bullet. The
conflict between these wounds and the scenario of a solitary rear shooter compelled the authorities to fuse the two wounds into one
rear wound of entry.
Comparing the backyard photographs requires three clicks. Select a pair for comparison, choose to stabilize the images
on a preselected feature then click Run. The program alternately displays the photographs. When the program is
running a user may change the pair of photographs, the preselected feature of the comparison or the dwell time of
each photograph. A user has eight toolbar buttons to better align a preselected or a user-selected feature.
Robert E. Webster represented a plastics manufacturer at a trade show in Moscow during 1959. He met a
woman named Vera and starting dating her. After the show ended, Mr. Webster defected to the Soviet Union.
Bitterness of the dispute between James A. Lundy and his Democratic rivals shows more than partisan politics drove events.
A bullet wounding the right side of Kennedy's head would have produced spinning that is clearly absent from the Zapruder film.
CommissionDocuments.htm searches the titles of the documents for entered words and highlights all matches. Four links
enable the user to step from one match to another. Clicking on any numbered link displays the document in a subwindow.
Had Oswald known the full contents of the backyard photos, he would not have committed political suicide by sending
the pictures to New York City.
The testimony of Commander James J. Humes presented to the Warren Commission provided all the right clues to dismiss the
descriptions by Parkland medical professionals of the large wound of the right-rear quadrant of President Kennedy’s head
as evidence of a frontal shot.
Forensic Pathologists are medical specialists who deal with the legal aspects of injury or death. By their medical training these
specialists are not necessarily equipped to analyze the mechanism of wounding. Instead they use their experience to suggest likely
explanations but seldom state definitive conclusions. Their uncertainty arises from ignorance of applied mathematics and physics.
DallasArchives.htm searches the index of the Archives of Dallas for entered words and highlights all matches. Four buttons
enable the user to step from one match to another. Clicking on any link displays the document in a subwindow.
An analysis of the deflection of a bullet by an obstacle has produced the following results. This analysis, which is
discussed later, assumes the obstacle can provide sufficient deflecting force and the bullet deflects without
The biography of Jack Ruby presented by the Warren Commission fitted the profile of a typical agent of the internal security
apparatus which preceded the organizations established under the National Security Act of 1947. Surprisingly the commission
provided many details to argue that Ruby was actively engaged in local security operations.
Dicer 8 - 8.87 MB
This zip file contains a folder, dicer8 - 16.33 MB, with 997 subfiles of track8.wav
for computerized analysis.
Two frames of the Zapruder film show an uncharacteristic movement of President Kennedy and the eruption of tissues from the right front of his head. These frames are Z330 and Z331.
This utility enables playing and optional downloading the small individual files made from the Bowles tapes of the Dictabelt and
the Audograph record. Each individual file has a duration of exactly 16384/11025 second. This convention facilitates analysis and
provides a convenient means to identify sounds by their time of occurrence from the beginning of their tape.
Motion blur analysis shows that Z-318 is a composite of images photographed by cameras with differing motions while comparison of Z-317 with Z-318 disallows the images of Toni Foster as consecutive.
An unobvious characteristic of hearing caused many ear witnesses in Dealey Plaza to perceive echoes instead of the
direct sounds of gunfire.
On November 3, 1959, The New York Times published an advertisement containing alien characters next to the report on the defection of Lee Harvey Oswald.
Scientists at the Edgewood arsenal fired bullets from the MC rifle directly into obstacles simulating the neck of
President Kennedy and Governor Connally's chest and wrist. They found that the simulations of Connally's chest and
wrist deformed the test bullets to a greater extent than CE 399 and concluded that CE 399 lost speed while transiting
an obstacle before striking Connally. In support of this obvious conclusion these experiments provided data to test
the yaw explanation of the size of Connally's back wound.
Many people assume that a motorcycle engine caused the background noise transmitted by the open microphone. An examination of the evidence shows these assumptions are without foundation. In fact the solitary analysis of the interference failed to detect engine sounds.
"Families that spy together stay together." - An Oswald traveler.
Comparing heterodynes on the hum corrected tape of Channel-I made by the FBI with the corresponding tones on the uncorrected Bowles tape of the same channel reveal post correction tampering with these acoustic records.
A technologist examines the Zapruder film from a physical point of view.
Without doubt, the medical evidence is the weakest link in the official explanation of the assassination of President Kennedy. For
this reason, multiple panels of forensic pathologists have reviewed the original work done at the Naval Medical Center on
November 22, 1963. These efforts succeeded in making a difficult problem nearly intractable.
On May 24, 1964, the Warren Commission staged a re-enactment of the assassination of President Kennedy and the wounding of Governor Connally.
They used slides made from the Zapruder film to position and orientate the stand-ins for the victims. During the presentation of
this re-enactment to the Warren Commission, special agents Lyndal L. Shaneyfelt and Robert A Frazier described numbered slides that
showed Governor Connally was turned slightly to his right as he vanished and then emerged from behind the Stemmons sign. These
orientations differ from the public copy of the Zapruder film that shows that Connally was turned sharply to his right as he sank
beneath and then emerged from behind the sign.
More than a housing development, Garden Bay Manor was a symbol of recovery from depression. Sponsors promoted the
development as testament to the wisdom of New Deal polices. Not surprisingly, Garden Bay Manor attracted leading
Democrats as tenants.
The overturn of the convictions in the Prague trial of 1952 by the Czechoslovak Government sent a clear
signal to the Kennedy administration that a relaxation of tensions in the cold war was possible.
As District Attorney of Queens County, T. Vincent Quinn was the victim of extraordinary pressures from the
The transcripts of radio traffic on Channel-I and an audio file reportedly originating from the dictabelt show that the DPD radio dispatcher diverted ambulances and patrol units from the address of the shooting of Officer Tippit.
Many people believe a positive result on the Paraffin test shows presence of Nitrates.
HouseHearings.htm searches the index of public HSCA hearings for entered words and highlights all matches. Four links enable the user to step from one match to another. Clicking on any link displays the document in a subwindow.
Firearms and cameras are mechanisms whose signatures have repeatable characteristics and minor variations.
Half a century after the assassination of President Kennedy the forensic details of his bullet wounds are disputable. This
situation arose mainly from the Warren Commission testimony of then Lieutenant Commander James J. Humes who performed the autopsy
and the evaluation his documentation by subsequent medical panels.
The appearance of intrigue surrounding the reported defection of Lee Harvey Oswald suggests many possibilities.
Nat Sherman had a special interest in the Rosenberg case of 1950-1953 and the Prague trial of 1951-1952. We find many
coincidences of erroneous Nat Sherman' advertisements with articles on these spy trials. More significantly, Nat Sherman
published an encrypted message on the same day as the doomsday article on the Rosenbergs.
Dr. Carrico was the first Parkland physician to examine President Kennedy.
The first diagram of Gregory Exhibit No. 1 enables calculation of the sagittal angle between a straight line joining Governor
Connally's torso wounds and the sagittal plane of his body as a brow raising eleven degrees. During the early Z-220s the forward
direction of the limousine would have made a 11-degree lateral angle with the trajectory of a bullet fired from the sniper's nest.
This coincidence of the sagittal with the lateral angle requires that Connally was facing directly forward if transited by a bullet
on a straight course.
These selections pertain primarily to medical testimonies which have forensic value. They arise from posted web pages and online
discussions. Due to the extensive use of embedded formatting tags, this page loads slowly.
An enlargement of a backyard photo proves someone withheld evidence.
Understanding the acoustic evidence requires a working knowledge of several electronic concepts. These concepts are amplitude, frequency, signal, modulation, carrier, automatic gain/volume control, saturation, limiter, noise immunity, beating, heterodyne and peak detector.
Too often people ignore blurred frames of the Zapruder film. By recognizing the characteristics of various blurs they can obtain valuable information. In fact a blur caused by a rapidly moving object conveys more information than a clear frame.
Motorcycles - 0.81 MB
This zip file contains a collection of full length recordings of motorcycles sounds for auditory comparison with
the loud interference on the Dictabelt. A folder of subfiles for computerized analysis accompanies each recording.
A frame-by-frame analysis of Kennedy's mechanical reactions to the fatal shot reveals details missed by viewing the motion picture.
NamedExhibits.htm searches the descriptions of exhibits for entered words and highlights all matches. Four links
enable the user to step from one match to another. Clicking on any named link displays the exhibit in a subwindow.
Testing of Oswald's cheek cast by nuclear activation discredited earlier findings by the Dallas Police and suggested the department had planted evidence.
This utility enables viewing individual frames of the Nix film. Clicking the three-digit number will display the individual frame
and optionally place the URL on your clipboard for pasting its link into another program.
NumberedExhibits.htm searches the descriptions of exhibits for entered words and highlights all matches. Four links
enable the user to step from one match to another. Clicking on any numbered link displays the exhibit in a subwindow.
The overlay method adjusts the position of one frame relative to another. Four buttons, Left, Right, Up and Down, enable the viewer to eliminate apparent motion caused by panning errors. Once properly aligned, successive frames show small changes in the size of objects due to their varying distances from the camera.
Enactment of national security legislation was easy. Implementation proved difficult and took decades.
Source: Volume VI of the HOUSE SELECT COMMITTEE ON ASSASSINATIONS.
We examine the frequently overlooked technical details of the assassination of President Kennedy.
The FBI failed to determine whether accident or intent contaminated evidence against Oswald.
The acoustic evidence presents a fine example of an enigma wrapped in a mystery and sustained for a quarter-century by an indifference to technology.
Commander Humes placed indispensable forensic evidence into the official record. He described the bullet holes of entry
as ovals, enumerated the lengths of both axes, reported orientations of the longer axes referenced to the vertical
column and specified locations of each hole relative to anatomic features. This forensic information was sufficient to
test the compatibility of the medical with the ballistic, eyewitness and the motion picture evidence.
Generally the telephone company deactivated a discontinued phone number for many years. This practice reduced refunds
for calls placed to wrong numbers. Some people, however, found special uses for recently reissued numbers.
Aline Mosby interviewed Lee Oswald in Moscow probably on November 13, 1959. Oswald said: "I'm a Marxist, ... I
became interested about the age of 15. From an ideological viewpoint. An old lady handed me a pamphlet about saving the
Rosenbergs... I looked at that paper and I still remember it for some reason, I don't know why."
The report of BB&N contains several pivotal conclusions that directly conflict with their presented evidence.
These anomalies strongly suggest that they wrote the report under duress. A later disclosure of a criminal investigation
of BB&N officials during preparation of their report provides a reasonable explanation of these anomalies.
Did New York City Oswalds entangle Lee Harvey Oswald in their schemes? They had the inclination and opportunity.
Scratch marks in precisely the same location on all backyard photo materials provide evidence of fakery.
Engineers design two-way police radios for simultaneous operation with sirens.
A comparison between the backyard photos with the expected knowledge of an ideological defector reveals serious problems.
On a single time scale an oscillograph lacks sufficient resolution to display the essential characteristics of
human speech. When an oscillograph shows the intelligible portions of speech, it distorts the vocal characteristics.
Under these conditions insufficient resolution produces the illusion that voice is a series of pulses. At the opposite
extreme, magnifying the time scale to show vocal characteristics hides the slow changes that contain the intelligible
The Queens County sewer scandals of the early fifties concealed a deeper conflict. By 1960, evidence linked the
principal parties in these scandals to public housing spies.
The Ramsey Panel and the Watson Research Center used constant amplitude signals called brieftones from Channel-II to measure effect of heterodynes upon the gain of the Channel-I receiver. Spectral analysis shows both organizations misidentified Channel-II heterodynes as brieftones.
Subjects include comparison of the three principal assassination films, Dealey Plaza eyewitnesses, the murder of Officer Tippit
and the wouinding of Governor Connally.
These selections pertain primarily to medical testimonies which have forensic value. They arise from posted web pages and online
discussions. Due to the extensive use of embedded formatting tags, this page is very slow to load.
Comparing the windblown hemlines of Mary Ann Moorman’s coat and the reactions of President Kennedy with the head
shot on the three principal assassination films shows these movies are three false pairs.
The report of BB&N provides the details to prove that a studio added the pulse pattern identified as the Grassy Knoll
shot to the Bowles tape.
An exceptional listing in a New York City phone directory suggests some Oswalds engaged in esoteric activities
during the early sixties.
Track One - 7.25 MB
A rented Dictaphone produced the audio for track one. This tape was the principal source for analysis by James E. Barger.
This zip file contains a full length recording of track one, track1.wav - 5.31 MB, for listening and a folder,
dicer1 - 5.42 MB, with 331 subfiles of track1.wav for computerized analysis.
Track Two - 5.19 MB
James C. Bowles ran out of tape while recording a playing of Audograph disk. Track two is the first part of this playing.
It contains skips and repeats.
This zip file contains a full length recording of track two, track2.wav - 3.49 MB, for listening and a folder,
dicer2 - 3.56 MB, with 217 subfiles of track2.wav for computerized analysis.
Track Three - 2.53 MB
Track three is the second part of the Audograph playing of its disk and contains skips and repeats.
This zip file contains a full length recording of track three, track3.wav - 2.09 MB, for listening and a folder,
dicer3 - 2.13 MB, with 130 subfiles of track3.wav for computerized analysis.
Track Five - 5.19 MB
For track five, the FBI varied playback speed of the Dictabelt to set power line hums to sixty Hertz. This tape is accepted
as the rate corrected version of track one.
This zip file contains a full length recording of track five, track5.wav - 4.53 MB for listening and a folder,
dicer5 - 4.62 MB, with 282 subfiles of track5.wav for computerized analysis.
Track Six - 8.37 MB
The FBI played the Audograph disk on a phonograph to eliminate the skips and repeats introduced by the Audograph. However, the
phonograph played at constant angular speed and the Audograph recorded at constant linear speed. As a result the phonograph
playing wrapped time and frequencies. Track six is a playing of a tape at its recording speed. This track renders pre-assassination
They also boosted the bass and cut the treble to enhance voices in the presence of high frequency tones. These adjustments
give tracks six, seven and eight a frequency response unrepresentative of Channel-II.
This zip file contains a full length recording of track six, track6.wav - 9.83 MB, for listening and a folder,
dicer6 - 10.06 MB, with 614 subfiles of track6.wav for computerized analysis.
Track Seven - 12.08 MB
Track seven is a playback of track six at half its recording speed. This adjustment makes communications immediately before,
during and shortly after the assassination intelligible.
This zip file contains a full length recording of track seven, track7.wav - 17.19 MB, for listening and a folder,
dicer7 - 17.60 MB, with 1074 subfiles of track7.wav for computerized analysis.
Track Eight - 8.43 MB
Track eight is a linear transformation of track seven that corrects the frequency warp
of the latter track. This wave version has a reduced resolution of eight bits and slower
sampling rate of 11025. This zip file contains only the full length recording of track
eight, track8.wav - 15.95 MB, for listening.
To tumble or not to tumble was never part of the tumble theory critique. Critics based their objections on the
In 1964, a riddle circulated within the technical community. They asked, "What happens to a fast moving bullet?" Their
punch line was, "Very, very little!"
Analysis of the signals on the historic Dictabelt suggests that a studio added the acoustic signature of gunfire to distract researchers from the overwhelming strong evidence that a jammer was the source of the loud interference.
The Warren Commission published the statements or testimonies of two dozen eyewitnesses to the head shot. These people
reported details that preceded and followed the most dramatic and unforgettable motion of President Kennedy on the
Zapruder film. Nevertheless these witnesses failed to describe anything even remotely resembling the back and to the
Several frames of the Nix film show a tan area behind the lowest visible portions of Mary Ann Moorman’s legs.
These frames appear to support the claim that Moorman stood in the street.
The loud brieftone that accompanied the Bellah crosstalk provides an opportunity to measure how Channel-I would have reproduced the brieftone that accompanied the Channel-II Decker broadcast.
User - 4.64 MB
The user folder contains many sound files generated by an earlier version of Waves for use on this web site. Subfolders organize files according to category.
The photographic panel put salesmanship ahead of scholarship and replaced analysis by synthesis.
Governor Connally suffered one penetrating and two perforating wounds during the attack in Dealey Plaza. These injuries constrain
the posture of Connally when shot. Further his turning motions limit the time when he was shot.
Waves - 3.12 MB
Waves is a special purpose program designed to work with monophonic wave files with 8 bit resolution. This program will
play any wave file with these specifications but its analytical functions require smaller files that use a special naming
convention. For this reason the full length recordings are packaged with a folder of these special files. These
restrictions facilitate the following features.
- Digital programming of starting time, ending time and playback rate.
- Oscillographs for time domain analysis.
- Spectrographs for frequency domain analysis.
- Tabulation of time or frequency domain data.
- Integrated event log to record and automatically retrieve interesting segments.
- Software tools to append waves files into larger units or dissect a wave file into smaller units.
- Applications manager to export plots to graphics and word processing programs.
- Waveform generator to synthesize wave files for analysis or discussion.
System requirements: Windows 98 or later with a sound card and graphics resolution of 800 X 600 or better.
Note: Ears not included.
WCwitnesses.htm highlights the names of witnesses whose last names begin with the entered letters. Clicking on any name displays the associated document or testimony in a subwindow.
The public housing projects of New York City were training grounds for spies. A disproportionate number of former
public housing tenants moved to private homes near public schools. Apparently these people belonged to the internal
Governor Connally suffered one penetrating and two perforating wounds during the attack in Dealey Plaza. These injuries
constrain the posture of Connally when shot. Further his turning motions limit the time when he was shot.
Congress chartered the National Research Council as a private and nonprofit institution to advise the federal government on issues of science, technology and health.